Fluency instruction also occurs in a variety of settings throughout the school day, including whole group and small group lessons. Instruction incorporates read alouds, readers theater, repeated readings, partner reading and independent reading.
Vocabulary instruction is embedded throughout the school day, focusing on both oral and written language. Instruction involves the intentional use and teaching of increasingly complex language and content specific vocabulary.
Text comprehension instruction occurs whenever students interact with text. Instruction involves repeated readings of high interest text grounded in a variety of genres, cultures and perspectives. In addition, instruction involves continuous teacher modeling, opportunities to partner read, participation in book clubs and independent reading. Teachers work with students to build comprehension within the text, beyond the text and about the text.
Writing instruction at the upper elementary grades involves direct, systematic instruction in responding to text and writing across a variety of genres. As writing in response to text becomes more complex, writing instruction emphasizes the incorporation of evidence to support a claim.
Third grade writers begin to use evidence from their readings to add detail and support their writing.