Grade One Literacy Instruction

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Literacy Component

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What It Looks Like In Our Classrooms

Tips & Resources for Families

Phonemic Awareness instruction occurs in small group lessons. Lessons include rhyming as well as isolating, segmenting, adding, deleting, substituting and blending sounds.

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness: Activities for Your First Grader | Reading Rockets

Phonemic Awareness Activities for Parents

Phonics instruction occurs in both whole group and small group lessons. Multi sensory instruction incorporates letter tiles, cubes, decodable text, white boards and visuals which help students construct and deconstruct words. Children apply letter sound knowledge to decode texts.  Children are also taught to recognize sight words automatically as they occur in texts.

A Parents Guide to 1st Grade Phonics and Decoding Activities

Fluency instruction occurs in a variety of settings throughout the school day, including whole group and small group lessons.  Instruction involves read alouds, music, poetry, decodable text, repeated readings, partner reading and independent reading.

1st grade Reading Fluency Activities

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Vocabulary instruction is embedded throughout the school day, focusing on both oral and written language. Instruction involves the intentional use and teaching of high level language as well as previewing and teaching content specific vocabulary.  

Vocabulary Activities for First Graders


Comprehension instruction occurs whenever students interact with text. Instruction involves repeated readings of high interest text grounded in a variety of genres, cultures and perspectives. In addition, instruction involves continuous teacher modeling and various opportunities to read, such as partner reading, book clubs and independent reading.  Teachers work with students to build background knowledge, predict, infer, and conceptualize text.

Comprehension: Activities for Your First Grader | Reading Rockets

written expression

Writing instruction across all grade levels involves direct, systematic instruction in responding to text and writing across genres.  In addition to continuously responding to text, first grade writers author a variety of pieces throughout the school year, including personal narratives, informational writing, and opinion pieces.

How to help Young Children Develop Strong Writing Skills

Best ways to support writing at home | Parenting