School Start Times Study

School Start Time Image

The School Committee is currently considering the implications of Andover school schedules on adolescents’ mental health and well-being, and potential impacts of changing school start times within the district. This webpage will serve as a place for resources and information for parents, faculty and staff. We encourage you to visit often. As the conversation continues, we will share updates here.  No changes in school start times will be implemented during the 2020/2021 school year. 

School Start Times Update- June 2020 

Assistant Superintendent Sandra Trach presented a School Start Time Summary Report to School Committee meeting on June 25, 2020. The report can be found here Version OptionsSchool Start Times StudyHeadline

Since the beginning of January 2020, the School Start Time Working Group has been analyzing a number of factors affecting potential options, including double bus runs, private school bell times, time between public school busing tiers, and the need for additional buses. This process narrowed the group’s focus from approximately twelve start time sample scenarios to five. These five scenarios include the status quo which, although it does not meet all the School Committee’s criteria, remains under consideration. A summary of the five options are listed in the chart below or can be found here Version OptionsSchool Start Times StudyHeadline.  Copy of PotentialOptionsForStudy-20200123-June 2020

EdulogStudy-FindingsSummary-20191121-AddlNotes- June 2020

School Start Times Parent Advisory Council

APS has convened a School Start Times Parent Advisory Group to provide feedback for additional consideration to the School Start Times Working Group. The School Start Times Working Group thanks the community delegates for their contribution. 

Community Delegates
Andrew AdamsKathy Luz Cote
Lynn AndelmanDave Crow
John BarryKathleen Fergus
Nancy BuckleyMatthew Nigrelli
Charlene ClarkPatricia Rich
Vikas ChoudharyKate Squillacioti

Ruihua Yin

Edulog Transportation Optimization Study for APS

APS engaged Edulog during the fall of 2019 to conduct an optimization study on their transportation data. The purpose of this routing analysis was to objectively evaluate existing bus routes and various tasks for timely, efficient, and cost effective transport of all students to and from their residence. This report can be found here Version OptionsSchool Start Times StudyHeadline and Edulog presented their information at the November 21, 2019 School Committee meeting. A summary of the report’s findings can be found here. 

In June 2019, the School Start Time Working Group sent surveys inviting community feedback on the impact of school start times. 

Results are available at the links below. 

Survey Visual Analysis Presentation to School Committee- September 2019

Previous Community Forums & Workshops:

In the fall of 2019, the School Committee held various forums and opportunities to hear from the community: 

Forum Presentations


March - April 2019Parent Coffees
May - June 2019Public Forums
June 2019Surveys for student, faculty and staff, and parents
September 2019Survey results shared at School Committee meeting
September - October 2019Public Forums and Outreach
November 2019Review of Edulog Transportation Study at November 21st School Committee meeting
January 2020Assignment of SST PAC Delegates
February 2020Communication from Joel Blumstein and Dr. Berman


Over the past several years, Andover Public Schools, under the leadership of Dr. Berman, has built a formal strategic plan called the “Theory of Action.” 

The “Theory of Action” has a number of elements including a commitment that Andover students study a rigorous curriculum that drives academic growth. It also calls for consideration of students’ social, physical and emotional growth – in addition to academics.

Organizations including the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Medical Association, the National Education Association, American Academy of Sleep Medicine, and the Centers for Disease Control all recommend school not start before 8:30 AM for middle and high school students.

These organizations’ research concludes that sleep impacts brain function, which helps us perform better whether we’re taking a test, driving a car, or regulating our emotions. Well-rested students perform better academically, make better judgments, and have less physical and mental health problems.

In Andover, our current start times are:

  • High School – 7:44 AM
  • Middle Schools- 7:45 AM
  • Elementary Schools- 8:45 AM
  • Shawsheen- 9 AM

The School Committee has asked district leadership to evaluate the impact of making a change to school start times that would allow middle & high school students more sleep. A small working group has been assembled to come up with logistical options, with the goal of making an overall positive impact on student well-being.

We understand and appreciate that scheduling changes are hard, and a decision to move start times would impact the lives of every Andover school family and staff member. Of course, there will be pros and cons to every schedule, and we will look forward to gaining feedback from the community once options are developed.

To begin our public outreach, in November 2018 we held a community discussion around this issue, joined by Dr. Judith Owens, director of Sleep Medicine at Boston Children’s Hospital and professor in Neurology at Harvard Medical School. Her presentation can be found here.