English Language Arts and Literacy in Kindergarten

Learning new language skills is a hallmark of kindergarten. Your child will learn about the alphabet and its role in reading. Your child will practice rhyming, matching words with beginning sounds, and blending sounds into words. Practice with these types of activities is a powerful step toward learning to read and spell correctly. The size of your child’s vocabulary is another key factor in his or her ability to read and comprehend books and stories. Your child also will begin to experiment with writing and will be encouraged to use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing letters to share information, ideas, and feelings.


A Sample of What Your Child Will Be Working on in Kindergarten


  • Naming upper- and lower-case letters, matching those letters with their sounds, and printing them.
  • Retelling familiar stories and talking about stories read to them.
  • Using a combination of drawing, dictating to write a true story.
  • Writing a How-To book to explain a sequence of steps.
  • Stating an opinion or preference about a topic or book in writing (e.g., “My favorite book is . . .”)
  • Taking part in classroom conversations and following rules for discussions (e.g., learning to listen to others and taking turns when speaking.)
  • Speaking clearly to express thoughts, feelings, and ideas, including descriptions of familiar people, places, things, and events. 
  • Learning to recognize, spell, and properly use those little grammatical words that hold the language together (e.g., a, the, to, of, from, I, is, are.)

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